Old Hampshire Gazetteer



Source List
sources Badeslade 1742: map (HMCMS:FA1997.73)
Map of Hampshire South West from London, with the Isle of Wight, scale about 1 to 750000, about 12 miles to 1 inch, drawn by Thomas Badeslade, published in Chorographia Britanniae by William Henry Toms, Union Court, Holborn, London, 1742.
Reference number: BADES1.txt

Bilikowski 1983: source
Reference: Bilikowski, K: 1983: Historic Parks and Gardens: Hampshire County Council (Planning Dept):: ISBN 0 900908 79 3

Blaeu 1645: map (HMCMS:FA1998.149)
Map, hand coloured engraving, Hampshire or the County of Southampton, or Hantshire, scale about 1 to 180000, about 3 miles to 1 inch, published in Theatrum Orbis Terrarum, by William J Blaeu, 1645.
Reference number: BLAEU1.txt

Bowen 1720: map (HMCMS:FA1998.18 & FA1996.35 & FA1996.36 & FA1996.37 & FA1996.38 & FA1997.6 & FA1997.96)
Strip maps from road book, Britannia Depicta or Ogilby Improv'd, sections of road in Hampshire, text by John Owen, Middle Temple, London, maps by Emmanuel Bowen, published by Thomas Bowles, St Paul's Churchyard, London, 1720 onwards.
Reference number: BOWEN1.txt

Brookes 1815: gazetteer
Entries for places in Hampshire from:-
Reference: Brookes, R: 1815 (16th edn): General Gazetteer, The: (London)
Reference number: BROOKES1.txt
'THE GENERAL GAZETTEER; OR, COMPENDIOUS GEOGRAPHICAL DICTIONARY. CONTAINING A DESCRIPTION OF THE EMPIRES, KINGDOMS, STATES, PROVINCES, CITIES, TOWNS, FORTS, SEAS, HARBOURS, RIVERS, LAKES, MOUNTAINS, CAPES, &c. IN THE KNOWN WORLD; WITH THE EXTENT, BOUNDARIES and NATURAL PRODUCTIONS of each Country; the GOVERNMENT, CUSTOMS, MANNERS, amd RELIGION of the Inhabitants; the TRADE, MANUFACTURES, and CURIOSITIES, of the Cities and Towns, with their LONGITUDE and LATITUDE, BEARING and DISTANCE in English Miles from important Places; and the remarkable EVENT by which they have been distinguished. ILLUSTRATED BY EIGHT MAPS. ORIGINALLY COMPILED By R. BROOKES, M.D. THE SIXTEENTH EDITION, WITH VERY CONSIDERABLE ADDITIONS AND IMPROVEMENTS, FROM THE BEST AND MOST RECENT AUTHORITIES. LONDON: PRINTED FOR ... 1815.'

Camden 1610: text (HMCMS:FA1998.24)
Descriptive text about Hantscire ie Hampshire, from Britannia, by William Camden, translated by Philimore Holland, about 1610.
Reference: Camden & Holand, Philimore (trans): 1610: Britannia
Reference number: CAMDEN1.txt

Coates 1989: source
Reference: Coates, Richard: 1989: Place Names of Hampshire: Batsford:: ISBN 0 7134 5625 6
Quoted with the kind permission of the author.

Colebourn 1995: source
Reference: Colebourn, Phil; Court, Nicky (ed); Howe, Johnathon (ed): 1995 (2nd edn): Ancient Woodlands: Hampshire County Council:: ISBN 1 85975 046 X

Cox 1738: source
book(HMCMS:FA1998.23)
Descriptive text about Hampshire from Magna Britannia et Hibernia, Antiqua et Nova, perhaps by Thomas Cox, London, 1738?
Reference: Cox, Thomas; Morden, Robert (decd): 1738: Magna Britannia, Antiqua et Nova: (London)
Reference number: COX1.txt

Defoe 1724: text
Descriptive text about places in Hampshire extracted from letters 2, 3 and 4 of The Tour Through England and Wales, by Daniel Defoe, published London, 1724-26.
Reference: Defoe, Daniel & Rhys, Ernest (ed): 1724 & 1932 (about): Tour Through England and Wales & Everyman's Library (1930s edn): Dent, J M and Sons: vol.1: typeset from the verbatim reprint 1927, of the 1st edition
Reference number: DEFOE1.txt

Domesday Book 1086: source
A complete extract of the Hampshire Domesday entries has not been made; only data linked to place names has been taken. Data about the size and taxes of each parcel of land are not included; the data is not meant as a detail analysis of land holdings. Extracts are taken, in Latin, from Farley's version of the Domesday Book
The following hints may help:- ipse = himself, isde = also, ten. = tenet = holds, tcia. = third, dimid~ = half, una~ = one, duo = two, tres = three, quattuor = four, quinq = five, M~ = manor, hid~ = hide (land measure), v. = virgate (land measure), de eo = from him, et = and, tenuit/tenuer~ = held, de rege = from the king, E = Edward (the Confessor), ep... = bishop, bishopric, etc, pbr = priest, monachi = monks, monasterio = monastery, cu~ = cum = with, suus/sua = his, filius/filia = son/daughter, libi~ = free, ho~es = homines = men, teini = thanes, in alodiu~ = freehold, alodiarii = freeholders, in paragio = jointly
For example:- Isd~e Rad. ten. CHENOL et Oidelard de eo . Cheping tenuit de rege E ... = Ralph also holds Knowl and Oidelard [holds it] from him . Chipping held it from King Edward ...
Reference: Farley, Abraham: 1783: Domesday Book
Reference: Munby, Julian (ed): 1982: Domesday Book, Hampshire: Philimore (Chichester, West Sussex)

Drayton 1612: source
Extracts from the Second Song in Polyolbion, which concerns parts of Dorset and Hampshire, and illustrations from the accompanying map, by Michael Drayton, 1612.
Reference: Drayton, Michael: 1613: Polyolbion: (London)
Reference: Hooper, Richard, Rev: 1876: Complete Works of Michael Drayton, The: Smith, John Russell (Soho Square, London)
Reference number: DRAYTON1.txt

Dugdale 1718: source
Reference: : 1718: Dugdale's Monasticon Anglicanum: (London):: translated and amended
Monasticon Anglicanum: OR, THE HISTORY Of the ANCIENT ABBIES, MONASTERIES, HOSPITALS, Cathedral and Collegiate CHURCHES, With their Dependencies, IN ENGLAND and WALES ...

FINDMAP.exe: source
FINDMAP.exe, embedded as a MMAGIC procedure in the MODES database software used for this gazetteer, was used to calculate the likely 25inch County Series sheet number for the Place from the ngr Coordinates declared in the Identification group of its record. The procedure is pretty reliable, but do not expect all sheet numbers to be exactly right!

Fisher and Gerster 1990: source
Reference: Fisher, Adrian; Gerster, George: 1990: Art of the Maze, The: Wiedenfeld and Nicolson (London):: ISBN 0 297 83148 8

Froissart 1325-1400: text
Froissart's Chronicles, written during the Hundred Year's War, 1325-1400, translated by Lord Berners, 1523-25.
Reference number: FROISS1.txt
Reference: Froissart, John, Sir & Berners, Lord (translator) & Macaulay, G C (editor): 1895 & 1908 (reprint): Chronicles of Froissart (Globe Edition): Macmillan and Co (London):: edited and abridged
This is not the best edition to work from; abridged, modernised spellings, some errors corrected ... rather than having these things pointed out in footnotes to an 'accurate' text. But it's the edition we have!
The translation by John Bourchier, Lord Berners, was made at the command of Henry VIII, published in parts from 1523-25.
'Here begynneth the first volum of sir Johan Froyssart: of the cronycles of Englande, Fraunce, Portyngale, Scotlande, Bretayne, Flau~ders, and other places adioynynge. Translated out of Frenche into our maternal englysshe tonge by Johan Bourchier, knight, lorde Berners: At the co~maundement of oure most highe redouted souerayne lorde kyng Henry the viii., kyng of England and of Fraunce and high defender of the christen faythe, etc. ...'
Froissart, born about 1337 died about 1410 was a french chronicler during the Hundred Years War, covering the period 1325-1400. They are a literary work rather than a reliable history, giving a faithful view of the period and the spirit of chivalry.

Gay 1715: poem
Extract from the poem, A Journey to Exeter, in An Epistle to the Right Honourable the Earl of Burlington, by John Gay, about 1715.
Reference: Faber, G C: 1926: Poetical Works of John Gay: Oxford University Press

Gerald of Wales's Map: map (National Library of Ireland:MS700)
Notes from the Map of Europe drawn by Gerald of Wales, Lincoln? about 1200; displayed in the Mappa Mundi 1999 exhibition at Hereford Cathedral.
Reference: : 1999: Medieval World Maps: Hereford Cathedral::: exhibition catalogue for Mappa Mundi 1999

Gough Map: map (Bodleian Library:MS.Gough Gen.Top.16)
Notes from the map of England drawn about 1360, bequeathed by Gough.
Reference: Parsons, E J S: 1958 & 1996 (reprint): Map of Great Britain circa AD1360 known as the Gough Map: Bodleian Library (Oxford):: ISBN 1 85124 041 1

Greenwood 1826: map
Greenwood's map of Hampshire, 1826. This map has not been used systematically, just to help solve odd problems.

HANTSLOC.t: termlist
Hampshire Gazetteer, 1st edition, word processor file; part of OBJECT Format Rules, OFR; place termlist for Hampshire. This listed all place name on the 1 to 50000 OS maps of the county.
Reference number: HANTSLOC.t

Harrison 1788: map (HMCMS:FA1996.34)
Map, hand coloured engraving, Hampshire, scale about 1 to 300000, drawn by Haywood, engraved by Sudlow, by John Harrison, 115 Newgate Street, London, 1788.
Reference number: HARRIS1.txt
Reference: Norgate, Martin & Norgate, Jean: 1997: Notes from Harrison's Map of Hampshire: Hampshire County Council Museums Service:: ISBN 1 85975 160 1

Hereford Mappa Mundi: map
Notes from the Mappa Mundi, drawn about 1280-99? displayed at Hereford Cathedral.
Reference: Harvey, P D A: 1996: Mappa Mundi, the Hereford World Map: Hereford Cathedral & British Library:: ISBN 0 7123 0441 X (pbk)

Hogg 1979: source
Reference: Hogg, A H A: 1979: British Hill Forts, An Index: BAR: British Series 62

JandMN: source
Research notes from Jean and Martin Norgate working from a variety of sources for the Old Hampshire Mapped project, 1990s; some of the data is just hearsay.
DO NOT assume that a place listed in this gazetteer exists!

Keer 1620: map (HMCMS:KD1996.3) (HMCMS:FA1999.88)
Map, Southampton ie Hampshire, by Peter Keer, published about 1620; and text for Hantshire off another version.
Reference number: KEER1.txt
Reference number: KEER2.txt

Leland 1535-43: source
Reference: Minns, G W, Rev: (1910s?): Leland in Hampshire: ProfHFC: 6 supplement: pp43-68
In his transcription of the parts of Leland's notes relevant to Hampshire Minns decided to 'retain Leland's quaint spellings and archaic words, which are a study for the English philologist.' William Burton's additions made soon after Leland's death are included; Minns comments are included, labelled as such.
Leland's journey enters Hampshire from Wiltshire near Buckholt Forest, travels via Stockbridge, Winchester, Otterbourne, Southampton, Hamble, Titchfield, Gosport, Portsmouth, Southwick, Wickham, Bishops Waltham, to Winchester again.

Milne 1791: map
Map of Hampshire by Milne, published by Faden, 1791. This map has not been used systematically, just to help solve odd problems.

Moody 1862: source
It is sometimes difficult to understand Moody's interpretation of the Domesday entries; the problem is not made any easier by his use of Hundreds which do not necessarily match those of VCH, and ecclesiastical parishes where we are using civil parishes. Use the references in the spirit in which they have been entered, as a possible guide to further information about a place, but the reader must interpret Moody and other sources of Domesday survey information himself.
Reference: Moody, Henry: 1862: Hampshire in 1086; Domesday Book, Hampshire::: translation and commentary; HMCMS:B1990.1179

Morden 1695: map (HMCMS:FA1996.33)
Map, hand coloured engraving, Hamp Shire ie Hampshire, scale about 1 to 240000, about 4 miles to 1 inch, by Robert Morden, published in an edition of Britannia, by William Camden, 1695.
Reference number: MORDEN2.txt
Reference: Norgate, Martin & Norgate, Jean: 1997: Notes from Morden's Map of Hampshire: Hampshire County Council Museums Service:: ISBN 1 85975 134 2

Norden 1607: map (HMCMS:FA1996.22)
Map, Hamshire olim Pars Belgarum, ie Hampshire, scale about 1 to 300000, about 5 miles to 1 inch, by John Norden about 1595, version engraved by William Hole, published in Britannia, by William Camden, about 1607.
Reference number: NORDEN1.txt
Reference: Norgate, Martin & Norgate, Jean: 1997: Notes from Norden's Map of Hampshire: Hampshire County Council Museums Service:: ISBN 1 85975 131 8

OFR.BERKS.t: termlist
Berkshire Gazetteer, word processor file, termlist; part of OBJECT Format Rules, OFR.
Reference number: BERKS.t

OFR.DORSET.t: termlist
Dorset Gazetteer, word processor file, termlist; part of OBJECT Format Rules, OFR.
Reference number: DORSET.t

OFR.WILTS.t: termlist
Wiltshire Gazetteer, word processor file, termlist; part of OBJECT Format Rules, OFR.
Reference number: WILTS.t

Ogilby 1675: map (HMCMS:FA1998.2 & FA1997.8 & FA1997.7 & FA1997.3 & FA1998.174 & KD1996.7 & FA1998.1 & FA1998.166 & FA1998.172 & FA1998.173)
Strip maps from a road book, Britannia, sections of road in Hampshire, scale about 1 to 63360, about 1 mile to 1 inch, by John Ogilby, White Friars, London, 1675.
Reference number: OGILBY1.txt

Ptolemy's Geography: text
Translation of the geography of Claudius Ptolemy from various manuscripts in Greek and Latin; the Geography was written about AD150.
Reference: Ptolemy, Claudius & Stevenson, Edward L (translator, 1932): 1991: Claudius Ptolemy the Geography: Dover Publications (New York, New York, United States):: ISBN 0 486 26896 9
book 2 chapter 2
'Location of Albion island of Britannia'
'...'
'Description of the south side below which is the Britannicus Ocean ...'
Each place is accompanied by longitude and latitude coordinates in Ptolemy's sytem; east from the Canaries, north from the Tropic of Capricorn.

Ramsey Abbey Map: map (British Library:Royal MS 14.C.IX.ff.1v.2)
Notes from the world map of drawn at Ramsey Abbey, about 1350, associated with 'Polychronicon' by Ranulp Higden; displayed in the Mappa Mundi 1999 exhibition at Hereford Cathedral.
Reference: : 1999: Medieval World Maps: Hereford Cathedral::: exhibition catalogue for Mappa Mundi 1999

Reynolds 1970: source
Reference: Reynolds, John: 1970: Windmills and Watermills: Hugh Evelyn (London):: ISBN 0 238 78943 8

Roman Place Names: book
Place-names of Roman Britain provides accessible descriptions of the place data included in Ptolemy's Geography, the Peutinger Tables, the Antonine Itineraries, the Ravenna Cosmography, the Notitia Dignitatum, and miscellaneous roman sources. Place name data is summarised in a gazetteer, from which notes are extracted for the Old Hampshire Gazetteer without the detailed academic commentary which can be found in this readable source book.
Reference: Rivet, A L F & Smith, Colin: 1979: Place-names of Roman Britain, The: Batsford:: ISBN 0 7134 2077 4
Reference: Ptolemy:: Geography
Reference: :: Peutinger Tables
Reference: :: Antonine Itineraries:: these have distances in roman miles which are roughly 1.5 modern miles, which may be measured from town boundaries not centres
Reference: :: Notitia Dignitatum
Reference: :: Ravenna Cosmography

Saxton 1575: map (HMCMS:KD1996.1)
Map, hand coloured engraving, Southamtoniae ie Hampshire, scale about 1 to 190000, about 3 miles to 1 inch, engraved by Lionel Terwoort, Antwerp, Netherlands, by Christopher Saxton, London, about 1575.
Reference number: SAXTON1.txt

Speed 1611: map (HMCMS:KD1996.16)
Map, hand coloured engraving, Hantshire ie Hampshire, scale about 1 to 200000, about 3 miles to 1 inch, with a town plan of Winchester, engraved by Jodocus Hondius, by John Speed, London, about 1611.
Reference number: SPEED1.txt

Sporne, K R: source
Reference: Sporne, K R: 1986: Illustrated Catalogue of Stocks in Great Britain
Reference: Sporne, K R: 1988: Illustrated Catalogue of Stocks in Great Britain:: vol 2: ISBN 0 9513218 0 3

VCH Hants: source
Reference: :: Victoria County History, Hampshire

Walton 1820s: source
Reference: Walton, J (Horfield, Bristol): 1820=1829 (guess): Geography of Hampshire: Collins, William, Sons and Co (Bridewell Place, New Bridge Street, London)