Alton

settlement
parish:
county:
coords:
coords:
Alton
Hampshire
SU718393
51.09N 0.59W : lat'n'long
refce: HANTSLOC.t

old map: 25inch County Series map -- Hants XXXV.7

Alton
otherwise: Auueltona, 1080-1087; Aultone, 1086; Auelton, 1100-1135; Awelton, 1124

refce: Coates 1989
ALTON
Old English 'aewielltun'='spring farm'. The river Wey rises at several points around Alton, and one source (or all of them) gives its name to the place. It may be the one which rises at 'Will Hall' whose medieval spellings, in the dominant tradition, suggest derivation from 'wielle'='spring'. (The 'Wildehel' of 1086 is out on a limb. The 14th century scribal tradition with 'Wyne-' is an aberration.) Alton stands on the Chalk just where it meets the Upper Greensand, and the combination of a steep hydraulic gradient and the Stockbridge anticline in the Chalk makes for strong springs (Cole 1985: 7).
The two manors of Alton were known as 'Westbrook' and 'Eastbrook'='west and east of the brook', being divided by a headwater of the Wey. Both names survive as house names.
It is possible formally that the first element is Old English 'awel'='hook', etc in some topographical sense (cf 'Awliscombe' Devon), but that hardly seems worth considering in the light of the above.

old map
Alton
Shown on an old map by Perrot 1823
- Hamp
refce: Perrot 1823
(PER1HANT.jpg)

old gazetteer
Alton

Period - 19th century, early
refce: Brookes 1815
a town in Hampshire, with a market on Saturday. It has manufactures of corded stuffs, figured baragons, ribbed druggets, serges, &c. and round the town are plantations of hops. It is seated on the Wey, 28m ENE Southampton, and 47 WSW London.

old map
Alton
Shown on an old map by Harrison 1788
- settlement, town - Alton Hundred - Hampshire
Period - 1780s
refce: Harrison 1788
(HAR1SU74.jpg)

old map
Alton
Shown on an old map by Badeslade 1742
- settlement, town - Hampshire
Period - 1740s
refce: Badeslade 1742

description
Alton
The place is described in text Cox 1738
- Hampshire
refce: Cox 1738
Alton, a little Market-Town between Farnham in Surrey, and Alresford in the London Road: King Alfred gave it by Will to the Keeper of Leodre. The Market is on Saturdays weekly, and the Fair on [ ] yearly. It is a good Market for Provisions.
This Place gave Name to William de Alton, a Dominican Friar, who wrote in King Edward II.'s Reign, and asserted that the Virgin Mary was polluted with original Sin, as all Mankind are. Friar Pits, famous in foreign Parts in King James I.'s Time, was born near this Town; he was the Jesuit Sanders's Nephew, and died Dean of Verdun in Lorrain.

descriptive text

Period - 18th century, early
refce: Defoe 1724
Alton is a small market-town, of no note, neither is there any considerable manufacture in all this part of England; except a little drugget and shalloon making, which begins hereabouts, otherwise the whole counties of ... Hampshire, are not employ'd in any considerable woollen manufacture; ...

description
The place is described in text Bowen 1720 (plate 129)
- Eggar's School
refce: Bowen 1720 (plate 129)
Alton / Is a place abounding wth: Wood, & has a good Mt. for Provisions on Sat: with a Fair on _________ The Manor, before the Dissolution of Religious Houses, belonged to the Monastery of Hide, & was afterward given by K: Hen: 8th., to Richard Pescal Esqr. who again exchanged with the said K:, for other Lands in Wiltshire. This Town gave name to Wm: de Alton, who wrote in Ed 2ds. time, That the Virgin Mary was stain'd with Original Sin, as well as the rest of Mankind; And near it was born Fryar Pitts, Jesuit Sanders's Nephew, a famous Man beyond Sea (temp Ja[c] 1mi. R[ ]) who died Dean of Verdun in Lorrain . Here is a Charity school for 40 Boys, & 20 Girls.

old map
Alton
Shown on an old map by Morden 1695
- settlement, town - Alton Hundred - Hampshire
Period - 1690s-1720s
refce: Morden 1695
(MRD2SU74.jpg)

old map
Alton
otherwise: Aulton
Shown on an old map by Ogilby 1675
- settlement, town - Hampshire
refce: Ogilby 1675 (pl.51)
street map
Alton als Aulton
(OG51SU73.jpg)

old map
Allton
Shown on an old map by Ogilby 1675
- town - Hampshire
refce: Ogilby 1675 (pl.81)
street map
(OG81SU73.jpg)

descriptive text
Alton

Period - 17th century
refce: Blome 1673
Alton, a well wooded Town, seated on the Road, and on a small River. The Town is pretty large, but poor, and hath a Market on Saturdays, which is very great for provisions, where also are sold good store of living cattle.

old map
Alton
Shown on an old map by Blaeu 1645
- settlement, town - Alton Hundred - Hantshire
refce: Blaeu 1645
(BLA1SU74.jpg)

table of distances
Aulton
otherwise: Alton
Shown on an old map by Simmons 1643
- Hamshire
Period - 1630s-40s
refce: Simmons 1643
in the N.E. sector of the thumbnail map; 75 miles from London
(SIM1SMAL.jpg)

old map
Alton
Shown on an old map by Speed 1611
- settlement, town - Alton Hundred - Hantshire
refce: Speed 1611
(SPD1SU74.jpg)

description
Aulton
The place is described in text Camden 1610
- Hantshire
Period - 1600s
refce: Camden 1610
... wherein [north parts of the county] are to bee seene Mercate Aultun, which King Aelfred bequeathed by his will unto the keeper of Leodre

old map
Alton
Shown on an old map by Norden 1607
- settlement, town - Alton Hundred - Hamshire
Period - 1590s-1600s
refce: Norden 1607
(NRD1SU74.jpg)

old map
Aulton
Shown on an old map by Keer 1620
- Southampton
refce: Keer 1620
(KER1SMAL.jpg)

old map
Aulton
Shown on an old map by Saxton 1575
- settlement, town - Southamtoniae
refce: Saxton 1575
(SAX1SU74.jpg)

domesday
Aultone
Listed in Domesday Book
- Neteham Hundred - Hantescire - St Peter's Abbey - Winchester parish: - Hampshire
Period - 11th century
refce: Domesday Book 1086 (6.1)
SCI~ PETRI DE WINTONIA ... ABBAS SCI~ PETRI de Wincestre ten. AVLTONE . Eddid regina tenut ...

domesday
Aoltone
Listed in Domesday Book
- Odingeton Hundred - Hantescire
Period - 11th century
refce: Domesday Book 1086 (23.28)
TERRA HVGONIS DE PORTH ... Ipse H ten. AOLTONE . Azor tenuit de rege E ...

domesday
Aultone
Listed in Domesday Book
- Neteham Hundred - Hantscire
Period - 11th century
refce: Moody 1862 (Domesday)

old map
alton
see:- Gough Map

Period - 14th century (about 1360)
refce: Gough Map
(GOUGH1S.jpg)

coat of arms

refce: coat of arms
HMCMS:FA1998.49.11
Four quarters, in which - the red rose of Hampshire, two oast houses and a stook of wheat for agriculture, and a sword and battle axe recalling the clash of arms in 1643

Hampshire Gazetteer - JandMN: 2001